Semi-Government Exam

In India, universities are recognised by the University Grants Commission (UGC). Apart from UGC, there are 15 Professional Councils (till date), which control various aspects of accreditation. CAT scores are used for admission to various management institutes across the country.

Semi-Government

Currently, there are the following number of universities in India:

Below, we have defined some common terms one may come across in terms of educational institutes in India:

      Central Universities
    • A central university is established by an Act of Parliament and are under the direct purview of the Department of Higher Education (DHE) under Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). As of February 2017, there are 47 Central universities in our country.
      • Salient features:
      • Conducts admission procedure, Can decide their own syllabus,Grants degrees to the students, Conducts their own exams

      State Universities
    • As the name suggests, state universities are established, run and funded by the state government. State universities are usually established by a local legislative assembly act. According to a UGC consolidated list, there are 359 state universities in the country. State Universities can confer / grant their own degrees to the students..
      • Salient features:
      • Conducts their own admission procedure, Grants degrees to the students,Can decide their own syllabus

      Deemed to be Universities
    • Deemed” is a status of autonomy granted to a university by DHE under MHRD, on the advice of UGC. Deemed to be Universities enjoy full autonomy or independence in deciding courses, syllabus, admissions and fees. Some Deemed to be Universities can also grant degrees on their own. Deemed-to-be Universities, which continue to perform well, can get the status of a full-fledged University.
      • Salient features:
      • Conducts their own admission procedure, Can decide their own syllabus,Conducts their own exams

      Private Universities
    • Private universities are also UGC approved institutes. However, such universities do not run on central or state funds.
      • Salient features:
      • Conducts their own admission procedure, Can decide their own syllabus,Conducts their own exams

      Autonomous Institutes & Colleges
    • Autonomous institutes and colleges exercise independent control over their daily operations, syllabus, courses offered and admission procedure. They fall under the administrative control of Department of Higher Education (DHE), MHRD.
      • Salient features:
      • Conducts their own admission procedure, Can decide their own syllabus,Conducts their own exams

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